African education system
The African continent has always been known to have the ighest amount of decline in education both in the young and old. The literacy rates of most African countries are very low although, some of these African countries put in all their best such as allocation of funds to improve the education sector of their country, making adult and childhood education compulsory as well all just in the bid of increasing the literacy
rate. Although aspects of education in Africa have improved, including more children being knowledgeable about basic things and be able to read and write. Africa has the highest rates of educational exclusion in the world with girls mostly out of schools than boys. A UNESCO study in 2012, has shown that the number of children of primary school age who are not attending school in Africa has accounted for the increase of more than half of the total global education decline.
In sub-Saharan Africa, only about one-quarter of pre-primary teachers are trained. Upper secondary school teachers have a slightly better ratio: about 50 percent have training. Sub-Saharan Africa opposes Eastern Europe and Central Asia when it comes to gender disparity and equality in education among the urban areas. The latter tend to see a higher level of both educational attainment and literacy among females, while sub-Saharan Africa sees the opposite.
The quality and accessibility of education in Africa must be adequately resolved before the situation of the continent itself can improve other problems facing it.UNESCO warns that “without urgent action, the situation will likely get worse as the region (that is, Africa) faces a rising demand for education due to the over growing school age population.”
However, there are still a good number of educated people who are making a difference in the nation while several measures are being taken to ensure adequate education. Here are the most Educated African Presidents on our list.
Top 10 most educated presidents in Africa and their qualifications.
Education is very important as a world that keep on revolving, it has then become a necessity, even for individuals, education makes you see clearly in making judgements, it also makes one enlightened and civilized so therefore as a leader, education becomes Paramount for ruling but sadly of the 54 nations in Africa, just a few leaders are known to be well educated. Below is a list of the top 10 literate African leaders.
- John Pombe Magufuli (Tanzania): he was a former school teacher who became the president of Tanzania in 2015. John
Pombe Magufuli was an educationist and a seasoned chemist.
Bachelor of Science in Chemistry, University of Dar es Salaam
Master’s degree in Chemistry, University of Dar es Salaam
Doctorate degree in Chemistry, University of Dar es Salaam.
- King Mohammed VI (Morocco): he has been ruling Morocco since 1999 after the demise of his father, King
Hassan. He is responsible for appointing a Prime Minister in the country.
Bachelor’s Degree in Law, Mohammed V University at Agdal.
Ph.D. in Law, French University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
In 1987, Mohammed obtained his first Certificat d’Études Supérieures (CES) in political sciences, and in July 1988 he
obtained a Diplôme d’Études Approfondies (DEA) in public law.
- Peter Mutharika (Malawi): an International Economic Law expert.
Law Degree, University of London.
Master of Laws Degree (LL.M), Yale University.
Doctor of the Science of Law Degree (JSD), Yale University.
- Alassane Ouattara (Ivory Coast): a great economist who has help his home country of Ivory coast to revive and sustain it’s economy growth.
Bachelor of Science Degree, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Master’s Degree in Economics, University of Pennsylvania.
Ph.D. in Economics, University of Pennsylvania.
- Mulatu Teshome (Ethiopia): he has been the president of Ethiopia since 2013 and he had his education in China where he earned a bachelor’s degree in political economy and doctorate degree in international law.
Bachelor’s Degree in Philosophy of Political Economy, Peking University, Beijing, China.
Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.
Doctorate Degree in International Law, Peking University,
- Ameenah Gurib (Mauritius): the third female president of Mauritius. She has been recognized internationally for the rapid progress her administration. She graduated from the University of Surrey in 1983 with a bachelor in chemistry and also has a doctorate degree in organic chemistry.
Bachelor of Science (Chemistry) Degree, University of Surrey.
Ph.D. in Organic Chemistry, Exeter University, England.
- Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (Mali): he had been the president of Mali since 2013
Ibrahim Keita has three degrees in Political International Relations, History and Political Science including graduate degrees in Political Science and International Relations.
Also a Master’s Degree in History
- Faure Essozimma Gnassingbe (Togo): he succeeded his father, Gnassigbe Eyadema’s death who had already ruled the country for about 38 years. He completed his secondary education in Lome before earning a degree in financial business management in Paris.
Bachelor’s Degree in Financial Management, Sorbonne, in Paris.
Master’s Degree in Business Administration, The George Washington University, United States.
9. George Weah (Liberian): George Weah was a football player known as one of Africa’s best players of all time. He had played in the UEFA Champions League and the English Premier League. He also became the first and only African player to win FIFA world’s best player amongst other noteworthy awards.
Bachelor of Arts in Sports Management, Parkwood University, London.
Degree in Business Administration, DeVry Univesity Maimi
Master’s Degree in Management, Keller’s Graduate School of Management.
- President Jorge Carlos de Almeida Fonseca (Cape Verde): he is a lawyer and university professor who has been President of Cape Verde since 2011. Before becoming president, he has served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1991 to 1993.
Graduate in Law, University of Lisbon, Portugal
Masters in Legal Sciences Faculty of Law, University of Lisbon, Portugal.
10 most literate countries Of Africa.
Seychelles: is the first country in Africa with a high level of literacy based on both sexes. It follows strictly the guidelines of the UNESCO. Some of these guidelines includes; to establish free primary education, to improve the quality of childhood education, to improve adult literacy and to provide gender equality in all institutions of learning.
Equatorial Guinea: research has shown that the literacy rate in Equatorial Guinea is about 95% for both males and females above 15 years of age. The country has made a significant progress toward the education goals, thereby achieving a preschool enrollment of over 70% in 2015. This continued commitment to improved education is expected to be reflected in future literacy rates.
South Africa: the country has recorded over 95% literacy rate mostly in the adults as the younger persons have somehow experienced a decline in education.
Libya: the country has recorded 91% literacy rate. The country works to eliminate illiteracy through several
prevention methods, like making school mandatory for youth, and several reactive methods, like opening adult literacy centers in each of the districts enhance learning and improve the literacy rate of the adults.
Namibia: the government of Namibia has increased its educational expenditures and as of 2013, allocates 29% of the federal budget to boast public education. The country generally has about 91% literacy rate.
Mauritius: it has also experienced an improvement in its literacy rates, which currently is at 91%.
Cape Verde: Currently, with an 88% literacy rate, it also ranks too among the most literate countries in Africa. This increase in literacy is due to the educational system that was put into place after this country gained its independence in 1975.
Botswana: it also ranks top among the most literate countries in Africa with an 88% of the population over 15 years of age who are able to read and write. This reflects the commitment to education made by the government of Botswana and the success of its National Literacy Programme. This program was established in 1977 and has made significant progress in reaching the adult illiterate population.
Swaziland: it has an increased literacy rate of 87% of it’s population who are able to read and write. This has been one of the major achievements of the education system of the country since it’s Independence.
Zimbabwe: it also ranks among the top literate African countries with a 87% literacy rate.
In conclusion Education in Africa is known to have always been on the verge of decline as most African countries boast of a very low literacy rate among adults. It is then of little wonder why education is not a topmost criterion when choosing a national leader in the African continent. In countries where there are educated presidents in juxtaposition to their performances is an irony, which then makes the educational credentials of African presidents in comparison to good leadership, not a criterion.
Although, Africa has the most educated leaders in the world, and the continent continues to experience plodding progress. Many critics have also attributed this to the high level of corruption evident within African governments.